What is 5Gi? How is it different from regular 5G?

5Gi is a locally designed telecommunication network in India aimed at improving 5G coverage in rural and remote areas of the country.

The 5G spectrum auction was arduous. The next-generation telecommunication technology called 5G is already set to start its services by telecommunication companies like Reliance Jio, Bharti Airtel , VI, etc. The TSDSI (Telecommunications Standards Development Society, India) has designed an indigenous 5Gi standard, but what exactly is 5Gi and how is it different from regular 5G? Let's learn about it.

What is 5Gi

What is 5Gi?

5Gi is a local 5G, which is a locally designed telecommunication network developed by India, thanks to a joint collaboration between IIT Madras, IIT Hyderabad, TSDSI, and the Centre of Excellence in Wireless Technology (CEWiT). The homegrown 5Gi standard (also known as Radio Interface Technology or RIT) is aimed at improving 5G coverage in rural and remote areas of India. In comparison to the regular global 5G standard, the 5Gi standard uses Low Mobility Large Cell (LMLC) to extend 5G connectivity and the range of a base station. It does so by using bands of the spectrum that are lower than 5G’s operational bands but offer a high-range waveform. Ideally, the 5G frequency band ranges from 700MHz to 52GHz, but 5Gi can go lower than 700MHz and up to 36GHz without sacrificing the range.

Is 5Gi efficient?

The technology works on a Low Mobility Large Cell method, which transmits a cell-based waveform, which results in increased range. The TSDSi, or the Telecommunications Standards Development Society of India, says that "Enhanced cell coverage enabled by this standard will be of great value in countries and regions that rely heavily on mobile technologies for connectivity but cannot afford dense deployment of base stations due to lack of deep fibre penetration, poor economics, and challenges of geographical terrain."

Conclusion

It's an awesome initiative by the government of India. Once deployed by cellular providers in India, 5Gi will be able to provide better network connectivity in the rural areas of the country.

An Engineer by passion and Technology Enthusiast.

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